RACISM


racism

Nowadays human being is ringing a bell for global warnings such as  terrorism, natural diseases, economical problems and so on but most importantly there is small but that can cause a really big issue around the world. It is a RACISM!  Racism is the belief that characteristics and abilities can be attributed to people simply on the basis of their race and that some racial groups are superior to others. Racism and discrimination have been used as powerful weapons encouraging fear or hatred of others in times of conflict and war, and even during economic downturns.

Racism is also a very touchy subject for some people, as issues concerning free speech and Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights come into play. Some people argue that talking about supporting racial discrimination and prejudice is just words and that free speech should allow such views to be aired without restriction. Others point out that these words can lead to some very dire and serious consequences (the Nazi government policies being one example).

Racism is usually defined as views, practices and actions reflecting the belief that humanity is divided into distinct biological groups called races and that members of a certain race share certain attributes which make that group as a whole less desirable, more desirable, inferior, or superior.

The exact definition of racism is controversial both because there is little scholarly agreement about the meaning of the concept “race”, and because there is also little agreement about what does and doesn’t constitute discrimination. Critics argue that the term is applied differentially, with a focus on such prejudices by whites, and defining mere observations of racial differences as racism. Some definitions would have it that any assumption that a person’s behavior would be influenced by their racial categorization is racist, regardless of whether the action is intentionally harmful or pejorative. Other definitions only include consciously malignant forms of discrimination. Among the questions about how to define racism are the question of whether to include forms of discrimination that are unintentional, such as making assumptions about preferences or abilities of others based on racial stereotypes, whether to includesymbolic or institutionalized forms of discrimination such as the circulation of ethnic stereotypes through the media, and whether to include the socio-political dynamics of social stratification that sometimes have a racial component. Some definitions of racism also include discriminatory behaviors and beliefs based on cultural, national, ethnic, caste, or religious stereotypes.

Racism and racial discrimination are often used to describe discrimination on an ethnic or cultural basis, independent of whether these differences are described as racial. According to the United Nations convention, there is no distinction between the terms racial discrimination and ethnic discrimination, and superiority based on racial differentiation is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially unjust and dangerous, and that there is no justification for racial discrimination, in theory or in practice, anywhere.

In history, racism was a driving force behind the transatlantic slave trade, and behind states based on racial segregation such as the US in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and South Africa under apartheid. Practices and ideologies of racism are universally condemned by the United Nations in the Declaration of Human Rights. It has also been a major part of the political and ideological underpinning of genocides such as The Holocaust, but also in colonial contexts such as the rubber booms in South America and the Congo, and in the European conquest of the Americas and colonization of Africa, Asia and Australia.

closures

School closure policies are racist. Not necessarily bigoted, but indeed racist. Look up the difference.

Every day, a great number of Aboriginal people experience racism in the form of racial slurs and harassment and through the more subtle, but no less harmful, effects of systemic racist practices and attitudes.

According to the Aboriginal Human Resource Council’s Mastering Aboriginal Inclusion training information, racist behavior may be direct (overt) or indirect (covert) in nature. Direct racial discrimination is the unfair or unequal treatment of a person or a group on racial grounds. An example of this is an employer who won’t hire someone on the basis of their cultural or linguistic background. This type of discrimination is typically deliberate.

Indirect racial discrimination is seemingly equitable on the surface but, in practice disadvantages people from particular groups. For example, a rule that says that all students must not wear anything on their heads could result in discrimination against students whose religion requires the wearing of headwear. Indirect racial discrimination can occur even when there is no intention to discriminate.

Whether indirect or direct, racism severely limits people’s lives and can destroy their hope for the future; it poisons the workplace culture of organizations, damages communities and harms our society as a whole.

Aboriginal people in particular have suffered greatly from racism. Even though much has changed, the impact of past policies and practices still plague Aboriginal people and, today, they continue to experience one or more of the seven most common types of racism:

  1. Prejudice is the behaviour of prejudging groups or individuals on the basis of their race or physical characteristics. Most prejudice is negative. Even when one gives credit to a positive feature (as in ‘blacks can run faster than whites’ or ‘trust your money to a Jewish banker’), a prejudice is nonetheless being sounded, affirmed and promoted. These “positive prejudices” are not necessarily accurate and serve only to propagate stereotypes. Stereotypes are the re-occurring images that we attach to people based on race, religion, gender or ethnic origin.
  2.  Racial assumptions are the quiet assumptions we hold about people of other races. These assumptions can be much more implicit and subtle than stereotypes, which tend to be conspicuous and highly overt. Racial assumptions have the power to influence our thoughts and the way we interact with others.
  3. Racial jokes and slurs are among the most common ways in which racism is demonstrated in a workplace. The effect of racial jokes and slurs is to reinforce negative racial stereotypes and assumptions. Other effects include creating a hostile, unwelcoming workplace and loss of confidence and self-esteem in a select group of workers.
  4. Discrimination is the act of treating people from any group differently from people from other groups. Discrimination is usually the result of prejudicial attitudes and exhibits itself when individuals avoid or single-out certain people to be treated less fairly than others. For those being singled-out, discrimination can produce high levels of anxiety and anger. Other effects include health impacts, damaging career outcomes and relationship failures.
  5. Harassment is any unwelcome behaviour which denies the dignity and respect of another human being. It can consist of a joke, an expression or even a look. What exactly constitutes an act of harassment? The person targeted is always aware of the effect of an act of harassment and is the best judge whether there has been harassment. Harassment is harder to define due to the individual personal response of the victim but most companies view specific actions, language, insults, threats and sexual implications as clear evidence of harassment.
  6. Institutional (or systemic) racism occurs when institutions such as governments, legal, medical and educational systems and businesses discriminate against certain groups of people based on race, colour, ethnicity or national origin. Often unintentional, such racism occurs when the apparently non-discriminatory actions of the dominant culture have the effect of excluding or marginalizing minority cultures.
  7. Micro-inequities are subtle acts of racist behaviour which often survive efforts to remove racism from workplaces. Micro-inequities were first named by Mary Rowe, PhD, from MIT, who, in 1973, defined micro-inequities as “apparently small events which are often ephemeral and hard-to-prove, events which are covert, often unintentional, frequently unrecognized by the perpetrator, which occur wherever people are perceived to be different.”

week-against-racism

an European anti-racism movement, organizes the Action Week Against Racism from 13 to 21 March with the support of the European Commission and the Council of Europe. Activists, NGO’s, universities, schools and a wide variety of different organisations will carry out hundreds of activities all around Europe in order to make a change.

Say no to Racism! just show a red card to Racism! No matter what color of our skin, no matter we are rich or poor, educated or not, gay or straight, no matter what is our religion.. WE ARE STILL HUMAN BEINGS!!! GOD BLESS ALL OF US!!!

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3 responses to “RACISM

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